Since the discovery of the Dukhan oil field in 1940, Qatar has become one of the richest oil kingdoms in the world. With a thickness of more than 70 years of breakthrough economic development, Qatar now has a top income per capita, and the “future” architecture also reflects the wealth and prosperity of the people. this country.
With a millennium-long history, Qatar emerged as a pearl trading center in the 8th century. Expanding into the Persian Gulf, this West Asian country possesses lowlands and deserts. wide. From the rule of Bahrain and Saudi Arabia, to the Ottomans and the British, the country has a diverse cultural background, a blend of Eastern and Western traditions.In September 1971, Qatar declared independence and Becoming an independent nation heavily influenced by Islam. Today, Qatar is divided into eight major cities with very high levels of development, especially in architecture. Architectural style here is a combination of Eclectic, Contemporary and Modern … bearing the features of traditional culture.
7 unique architecture in Qatar:
Qatar National Convention Center | Arata Isozaki
Qatar National Convention Center (QNCC) was built based on the concept of “Sidra Tree”, designed by famous Japanese architect Arata Isozaki. Sidra tree is a popular and symbolic image in Qatar culture. It is considered a beacon for scholars and poets and writers of the vast desert civilization
The façade works like two old tree branches intertwined and rising. The center has a versatile conference room with a capacity of 4,000 seats, a theater of 2,300 seats, three auditoriums and a total of 52 other meeting rooms to serve many events. The exhibition space of the building is up to 40,000 m2, which can accommodate a conference or party for 10,000 attendees.
Passenger terminal complex at Hamad International Airport | HOK
As a landmark project for Qatar Airlines, the national airline invested in 41 passenger terminals linked together into a complex. With sexy architecture, the space complex consists of diagonal lines mingled with the curve of the ceiling, such as undulating sand dunes mixed with waves.
The modern design of the Passenger Terminal Complex reflects the progressive development of Qatar, as an ostentatious way of simultaneously promoting the traditional features of the culture and natural environment here.
Al Janoub Stadium | Zaha Hadid Architects
Al Janoub is a football field with a capacity of 40,000 seats for the 2022 World Cup, after the tournament will be cut to 20,000 seats. 20,000 is the optimal number for spectators at this stadium. The seat system is flexible and easy to transport and disassemble to serve a variety of uses.
Still the familiar wavy lines with traditional patterns, the project was designed and completed by Zaha Hadid Architects in the middle of this year. Al Janoub is the home ground of the Al Wakrah Sport Club, an upscale candidate of Qatar Stars domestic league.
Qatar National Museum | Atelier Jean Nouvel
The building design was inspired by mineral formation in the Gulf deserts. “Desert rose” is a rock formed when minerals crystallize in crumbling soil and salt pools. This architectural form evokes the culture, climate and geographical features of Qatar.
The roof system consists of circular discs stacked around each other, wrapped around the palace bearing historical marks. Underneath that roof is the exhibition space in an elliptical layout around the central main hall – Howsh, where most of the monumental outdoor cultural events take place.
Sidra Hospital and Medical Research Center | Pelli Clarke Pelli Architects
Sidra Medicine is a professional hospital, research and healthcare center in Qatar. This academic medical center is part of the Qatar Foundation Education City campus, which has branches located at famous American universities. The hospital consists of 380 rooms with private beds, serving all health care needs for adults and children.
The building uses natural materials, including wood, granite and marble, used throughout the lobby and public spaces to create an impressive environment. The unique architectural form inspired by the sails in the coastal city, interwoven with the pleasant rhythm of the walls and glass.
National Library of Qatar | OMA
The National Library of Qatar contains many ancient collections, including the texts and manuscripts of the ancient Islamic civilization. More than one million books are preserved in large spaces with an area of 42,000 m2.
The library is part of the Education City – a new academic institution that hosts networking events from universities and found organizations around the world. Through the project, OMA wants to show the power of the knowledge to thousands of readers. The building uses light tones representing sand and sea.
Al Jazeera Network Studio Building | Veech X Veech
After the launch of VXV transmitters designed for Al Jazeera Communications Network in London, the building became the research and development headquarters of the corporation of the same name. The project was built and completed in 2016, aiming to celebrate the 20th anniversary of the establishment of Al Jazeera – one of the most influential multichannel networks worldwide, reaching more than 310 million users in more than 100 nation.